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压滤机安全技术操作规程

发布时间:2018-02-06 09:16作者:杭州益清过滤材料有限公司

1、一般要求
1. General requirements
第1条、 必须经过本工种专业和安全、技术培训,考试合格,取得操作资格证后,方可持证上岗。
The first, must pass this job speciality and safety, technical training, examination is qualified, after obtaining the operation qualification certificate, the certificate can be held on the post.
第2条、掌握压滤脱水的基本理论,本厂的煤泥水系统、压滤入料的数质量及粒度组成,压滤产品指标要求等。
The second is to master the basic theory of pressure filtration dehydration, the quality and granularity of the coal mud water system, the pressure filtration material and the requirement of the pressure filtration product.
第3条、熟悉本岗位压滤设备的工作原理、构造,熟悉液压系统、煤泥给料系统及滤液排放,掌握正确的使用和操作方法。
Third, familiar with the working principle and structure of the filter press, familiar with the hydraulic system, slime feeding system and filtrate discharge, and master the correct operation and operation methods.
第4条、熟悉本岗位设备开、停车的程序和操作,以及检查、分析防止简单故障的方法。
The fourth is familiar with the procedures and operations of the opening and parking of the equipment, and the methods of checking and analyzing the prevention of simple failures.
第5条、严格执行《选煤厂安全规程》、技术操作规程、岗位责任制、交接班制度和其他有关规定。
The fifth article strictly enforces the safety regulations of the coal preparation plant, the technical operation regulations, the system of post responsibility, the system of handover class and other relevant regulations.
第6条、上岗时按规定穿好工作服和戴好相关劳动保护用品。
The sixth, put on the work clothes and wear the related labor protection articles in accordance with the regulations.
2、安全规定
2. Safety regulations
第7条、 压滤机正常工作时,操作人员不得将脚、手、头伸入压滤机滤板间或从拉开的滤板缝间观察下面的带式输送机或中部槽。禁止将工具放在拉钩架上及滤板的把手上。清除滤饼时,操作人员不得用手扒滤布与煤泥。
Seventh, press the normal work, the operator shall not feet, hands, head into the filter board or observed from the filter between the slab pull belt conveyor or central trough below.  No tools are placed on the hook frame and on the handle of the filter plate. When filtering cake, the operator must not use the hand to pick up the filter cloth and the slime.
第8条、 禁止操作人员戴手套操纵压滤机开关。机架、机顶、大梁上有人时,不准按动开关。更换滤布、清理滤板中心入料孔中煤泥,必须将传动拉钩拉平。
The eighth, the operator is forbidden to wear gloves to manipulate the filter press. No switch is not allowed when the frame, the roof, and the beam are taken. If the filter cloth is replaced and the slime in the center of the filter plate is cleaned, the transmission retractor must be leveled.
第9条、 压滤机液压部分必须安装电接点压力表。
The ninth, the hydraulic part of the filter press must install the electric contact pressure gauge.
第10条、禁止穿高跟鞋、赤脚作业,卸料过程中严禁将头、手伸入滤板间。
The tenth, prohibit wearing high heels and barefoot operation. The head and hand are strictly prohibited during the unloading process.
第11条、禁止带手套操作按钮,卸料只能用木铲(竹片)。
Eleventh, no gloves operation button is forbidden. The unloading can only be made of wooden shovel (bamboo piece).
3、工作前的准备
3. Pre work preparation
第11条、了解压滤入料的备料情况,包括:数量、浓度、粒度组成。
Eleventh, understand the material, filter press materials including: quantity, concentration, particle size.
第12条、检查操作按钮是否灵活可靠,卸料器是否同步。
Twelfth, check whether the operation button is flexible and reliable, and whether the discharging device is synchronized.
第13条、注意检查滤板间有无杂物,滤布有无皱褶,发现后要及时清理。
Thirteenth, pay attention to check whether there is any sundries in the filter plate, the filter cloth has wrinkle, after discovery, it should be cleaned in time.
4、正常的操作规定:
4. Normal operation regulations:
第15条、接到开车信号确认无误后,方可开车。
The fifteenth, after receiving the confirmation of the driving signal, can drive.
第16条、压滤机入料应先将入料桶打满,入料过程中经常观察料桶内物料情况,防止空桶及漾料情况的发生。
Sixteenth, the feeding of the filter press should be filled with the feeding bucket first, and the material situation in the bucket is observed frequently in the process of feeding, so as to prevent the occurrence of empty bucket and ripple.
第17条、启动液压系统,将压力控制在8~12.5Mpa,压紧主机板。
The seventeenth, start the hydraulic system, control the pressure in the 8~12.5Mpa, press the main board.
第18条、开泵给料后,主机滤室内充满矿浆,使压力缓慢上升到0.4~0.6Mpa进入压滤过程,当滤液滴水不成线时,关闭给料泵停止给料,准备卸料。
Eighteenth, after opening the pump and feeding, the main filter chamber is filled with pulp, so that the pressure rises slowly to 0.4~0.6Mpa and enters the pressure filtration process. When the filtrate drops into a line, the feed pump is shut down, and the feed is stopped, ready for unloading.
第19条、在压滤过程中,要观察流出的滤液,发现流黑水时,记下编号,及时修补或更换滤布。
The nineteenth, in the process of pressure filtration, we should observe the filtrate outflow, and find out the number, repair or replace the filter cloth in time when the flow of black water is found.
第20条、注意检查滤板是否有变型、断裂等现象,发现后及时更换,更换滤板时应先卸掉第滤液水嘴。
The twentieth, pay attention to check whether the filter plate has the phenomenon of variation, fracture and so on. It should be replaced in time after discovery, and the filter liquid nozzle should be unloaded first when the filter plate is replaced.
第21条、卸料前应先开启胶带运输机、刮板运输机等运输设备,以便煤泥及时运输,防止压皮带及刮板等事故的发生。
Twenty-first, before unloading, the transport equipment such as belt conveyor, scraper conveyor and so on should be opened first, so as to timely transport coal slurry and prevent accidents such as pressure belt and scraper.
第22条、按规定每5天必须冲洗一遍滤布,增加滤布的透水性,提高压滤效率。
The twenty-second, according to the regulations, every 5 days must be washed through the filter cloth to increase the permeability of the filter cloth and improve the filter efficiency.
5、特殊情况的处理
5. Treatment of special circumstances
第23条、卸料时应注意观察滤饼的粘度及粒度组成,发现系统跑粗等异常现象,及时汇报处理。
The twenty-third, when unloading, we should observe the viscosity and particle size of the filter cake, find the abnormal phenomenon of the system running rough and so on, and report and deal with it in time.
6、操作后的工作
6. Work after operation
第24条、停车前,要先停止给料,将压滤机内的物料全部卸净后,方可停车,严禁带料停车。
The twenty-fourth, before parking, to stop the feed first, the material in the filter press all unloaded, then stop, strictly prohibit the parking.
第25条、交接班前应将工作区域卫生清理干净,各类物品码放整齐。
Twenty-fifth, the shift should be regional health clean up all kinds of items neatly.
第26条、应在现场进行交接班,向接班人员详细交待清本班压滤机的运转状况、出现的故障及存在的问题,履行完交接班手续后,方可交接
Twenty-sixth, we should carry out the shift work on the spot, detailedly answer the operation condition, the malfunction and the existing problems of the filter press to the successor, and make the handover after finishing the shift.

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